Crabgrass is an annual grass weed that flourishes in thin lawns. Crabgrass begins to grow after Spring soil temperatures reach 57-64 degrees for about a week. A pre-emergent treatment is very effective before germination and once applied, the soil should not be disturbed. Follow up post-emergent treatment may be needed for any spot activity. It begins flowering and setting seed in July and dies with the first frost of fall. Crabgrass has tremendous survival reproductive capabilities. Because of this, it is unrealistic to expect an entirely crabgrass free lawn. You cannot completely eradicate crabgrass (or any other pest for that matter); a few small plants in your lawn are to be considered acceptable. This weed can sometimes be confused with Tall Fescue.
Ground Ivy (Creeping Charlie)Also known as gill-over-the-ground and creeping Charlie,Glechoma hederacea L. was introduced into North America as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. It is a difficult to control vine type weed. Thriving in shady areas, this weed can be controlled best right after flowering. Follow up applications are sometimes needed to ensure full eradication. Keeping these plants out of gardens and flower bed can reduce the possibility of spreading into lawns. Once established, this plant is difficult to control because it is hard to remove all root and stolon fragments. It grows on damp, heavy, fertile and calcareous soils and does not tolerate highly acidic or saline soils.
White CloverWhite clover (Trifolium repens), also known as Dutch clover, is a cool-season perennial with creeping stems (stolons) that produce roots and shoots at nodes (joints) along the stem, which helps the plant to spread. It has trifoliate leaves which consist of 3 oval-shaped leaflets. There is usually a characteristic white, crescent-shaped band on each leaflet. White flowers appear in early summer. It reproduces by seed and by creeping stolons. Clover performs well in nitrogen-depleted soil, so consider applying a fertilizer application to help keep it from coming back. It grows very aggressively in under fertilized lawns. It is best controlled when temperatures are cooler rather than hot. Custom formulations are used to control Clover.
Spotted Spurge This speckled weed thrives in the heat of summer. Spotted spurge is not only an unsightly nuisance in the lawn, taking up residence in weak areas of the turf, but also invades landscaping beds, sidewalk cracks and vegetable gardens. You can also find spotted spurge in citrus groves, creating hiding spots for insects that can destroy your crop. In addition to its signature red spots, spotted spurge can be distinguished by the milky sap that is emitted when any plant part is split open. Once established, each bright green plant forms a thick mat that can be up to 3 feet in diameter. Its hairy, reddish stems branch out from a central point and carry many tiny, oval leaves. Safety Lawn Care weed control can eliminate this weed prior to seed developement. You can help by maintaining lawn at 3 to 3.5 inches.
Wild Violet Violets, Viola spp., are often found in shady areas of thin turf where the soil is moist and poorly drained. Some people find them troublesome, but others welcome their pretty bluish-lavender flowers in spring. Violets are perennial, meaning they will come back year after year and given the opportunity will spread via seeds.Viola sororia (synonymous with Viola papilionacea) is one of the most likely to be encountered lawn weeds. They are best known for their namesake violet-blue flowers, although the blossoms do occur in other colors. The leaves are generally heart-shaped but may also taper to a fine point; the surface of the leaves is waxy. Plants commonly grow to be about 4-6 inches high and have a fibrous root system which makes them very difficult to treat in lawns. Act quickly to rid your lawn of these plants. Once established, it becomes a very difficult task.
Speedwell (Veronica)is a common weed that infests lawns and gardens throughout the U.S. The many different species vary in appearance. Two characteristics that most have in common are four-petaled blue or white flowers and heart-shaped seed pods. Proper lawn maintenance is the best course of action against speedwell weeds in lawns. Develop a regular schedule of watering, fertilizing with high-nitrogen lawn fertilizer and mowing. Dense, healthy lawns choke out speedwell as well as many other lawn weeds. Control speedwell by using good cultural practices, as once established, and in the most difficult cases, using herbides becomes unavoidably necessary.
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